2 golden colored glands 3 to 5 cm in length
that lie on top of the kidneys. Each adrenal gland consists of an
outer layer (the cortex) and a central core (the medulla).
This outer layer produces the following hormones:
- Aldosterone: The
steroid hormone that helps regulate salt balance.
The steroid hormone involved in the metabolism of amino acids,
fat and glucose to help provide the material and energy for building
and repairing tissues.
- Androgens and Estrogens:
The male and female sex hormones respectively (also produced in
the testes and ovaries) that determine secondary sexual characteristics
This central core produces the following hormones:
- Epinephrine & Norepinephrine:
Together these hormones activate the fight or flight response
when you sense danger. Your heart rate increases, blood flow to
the muscles increases and glucose is released to give you a burst
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